All About India

National Security Guards

Posted on: November 10, 2009

The NSG is much sought after for VVIP security for high-risk VVIPs in India; this task is done by the Special Rangers Group of the NSG. The Special Action Group is the strike force in anti-terrorist and anti-hijack operations, supported by the SRG and others. The NSG’s specific goals include:

  • Neutralization of terrorist threats
  • Handling hijacking situations in air and on land.
  • Bomb disposal (search, detection and neutralisation of IEDs).
  • PBI (Post Blast Investigation)
  • Engaging and neutralizing terrorists in specific situations.
  • Hostage Rescue

Some of the NSG’s known operations include:

  • April 30, 1986 – attack on Khalistani militants who took over the Golden Temple during Operation Black Thunder I
  • May 12, 1988 — attack on Khalistani militants hiding in the Golden Temple during Operation Black Thunder II
  • April 25, 1993 — rescue of hijacked plane Indian Airlines Boeing 737 by Islamic militants during Operation Ashwamedh
  • October, 1998 — major combat missions in Jammu and Kashmir
  • July 15, 1999 — rescue of 12 hostages held by armed terrorists who had stormed an apartment complex in Kashmir and killed 4 people
  • September 25, 2002 — Operation Vajra Shakti to free hostages held by terrorists who had killed 26 worshippers at the Akshardham temple in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. They suffered their first combat death in this operation. A second commando, who was seriously injured and was in a coma, died after 18 months.
  • November 26 2008 Mumbai attacks — Operation Black Tornado and Operation Cyclone to flush out terrorists & rescue hostages after multiple attacks across Mumbai, India. Major Sandeep Unnikrishnan and Gajender Singh Bisht of the Special Action Group lost their lives during the operations.

As on December 2008, Germany offered to give additional assistance and training to the NSG by the famous GSG-9. [


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